Environmental Needs for Exotic Pets

alligatorKeeping exotic pets give many people companionship and great happiness. Adopting an animal that has no home and might otherwise be destroyed is clearly a morally right thing to do. However, there are ethical problems involved in keeping animals as pets, especially if the animal is not properly looked after or if it is too inappropriate to keep. It is unethical to keep an animal that poses a lot of danger to other people or animals.

Understanding the Environmental Need for your Exotic Pet

Apparently, you should understand the environmental needs of your pet and have the environment set up properly even before bringing the exotic pet home. Some animals require more attention and care than others, and the best thing is to do your homework upfront, to offer the best and most adaptable environment for your pet. It is only ethical to keep an animal as a pet if both the animal’s biological and psychological needs are properly catered for. Under all circumstances, always avoid these scenarios;

– Do not keep birds in small cages
– Do not keep reptiles in bowls or small tanks
– Avoid keeping large dogs in small flats
– Do not chain animals for long periods.

Exotic Pets Environmental Needs

1. Housing

Exotic pets need to be kept in an enclosure that is well prepared to accommodate their size. For the arboreal (tree dwelling) reptiles and amphibians, you need to provide them with more vertical space than terrestrial species. The more space, the better. Enough enclosure will allow the required levels of room temperature with sufficient air flow. Reptiles and amphibians need more space than terrestrial species.

2. Lighting

Reptiles, pet tortoises, turtles and all other related types under this category need light. Whether it is a heat bulb or a UVB bulb, it is important to provide the right lighting for your pet. U can also make use of natural sunlight as it emits invisible UVB rays. Consider adding supplementary heating elements such as heat bulbs and pads to all enclosures where seasonal temperature fall, and remove them when temperatures climb again.

3. Habitatspider

For all exotic pets, it is necessary to provide environmental enrichment. Depending on the needs of the pet, some need an area to hide away and an environment that stimulates their normal behavior. Examples include areas with a suitable substrate, rocks, branches and shallow bathing areas. Birds can tolerate various changes in habitat and are among the most adaptable.

4. Heat Requirements

When it comes to exotic pets, whether feathered, furry or scaly, the temperature of the world they live is quite critical. All reptiles need heat. Their body temperatures are determined on the warmth of their surroundings. Specific temperature needs depend on the species. However, all reptiles need to be housed in their ideal temperature range; otherwise, their immune system will not function appropriately.

It is essential that through proper research, you understand how to set up a suitable environment for your exotic pet. Snakes and reptiles are ectotherms and require additional light and heat sources to maintain their health and well-being. There is a need for careful planning and preparation in understanding the environmental needs for your pet, and setting this environment before you bring your exotic animal home.


exotic pet guide